Note: Additional human readable instructions for manual quality control MAY be provided in ../Resource/Comment.
|Inspection ?||element||Each Inspection SHALL describe the inspection of one or more Components.|
An Inspection SHALL describe the inspection of one or more Components. Defects that are found on the same set of Components SHALL be defined in a single Inspection.
|Defect *||element||Each Defect SHALL describe an individual defect or problem.|
|FileSpec ?||element||FileSpec SHALL reference an image of the inspected Component.
Note: Automated inspection generates large quantities of data. Therefore the lifetime of images can be limited.
Each Defect SHALL describe an individual defect or problem.
|Severity?||priority||Severity SHALL define the severity of the defect on a scale of 0(not present) over 1(trivial) to 100 (fatally severe).|
|DefectType||enumeration||Machine readable type of the defect. Allowed values are: See table defect types.|
|DefectTypeDetails ?||NMTOKEN||Machine readable details of the type of the defect.|
|DefectReason ?||NMTOKEN||Cause of the defect. Values include:
ElectroStaticCharge: electrostatic charge of the printed products.
Temperature: Incorrect temperature of the process.
Humidity: Incorrect humidity of the process.
|Face?||enumeration||Face SHALL specify the side of the physical object where the defect is located.|
|Box ?||rectangle||Position of the defect in the coordinate system of the current Component as specified by @Face.|
|Size?||double||Size of the defect in square points.
Note whereas @Box defines the size of the outer bounding box of a Defect,@Size defines the size of the defective area, which can be much smaller, e.g. for a diagonal scratch.
|Comment ?||element||Human readable description of the defect.|
|FileSpec ?||element||FileSpec SHALL reference an image of the Defect. The details of the image such as magnification, crop box or highliting of the defect are implementation dependent.|
Note: Automated inspection generates large quantities of data. Therefore the lifetime of images can be limited.|
Table xxx Defect types
|ImageDefect||Defects in printed images caused by incorrect ink distribution.|
|ImageFinishingDefect||Defects in printed images caused by incorrect post printing finishing such as laminating, varnishing or embossing.|
|SheetDefect||Mechanical defects of the sheet related to ink and combination of ink and substrate defects.|
|SubstrateDefect||Mechanical defects of the unprinted substrate.|
|FinishingDefect||Mismatches of printed images and physical operations or mechanical issues with the product that are caused by finishing operations such as binding, folding or cutting.|
|Other||Any defect not included in the above list.|
|DefectTypeDetails value||Corresponding DefectType||Description||Automatic/ Manual <do not copy this column into spec>|
|Abrasion||ImageDefect||Ink scrub or ink abrasion.||M|
|BarcodeDefect||ImageDefect||A Barcode does not meet the technical requirements.
Note Barcodes include 2d and 3d barcodes. See ##ref Identificationfield.
|ColorMismatch||ImageDefect||Color irregularities such as a mismatch in <Delta> E of the printed and target colors.
Note: target colors can be defined either electronically or as a proof.
|BoardSplitting||SheetDefect||Loss of adhesion or splitting of layers of corrugated board.||M|
|Blocking||SheetDefect||Sticking together / blocking of multiple printed sheets in the stack.||M|
|Cockling||SheetDefect||Cockling, ripples or similar unevenness of the substrate.||M|
|Dusting||SheetDefect||Dusting, powdering, whitening with loose particles of powder, coating filling or paper fibres.||M|
|FiberLifting||SheetDefect||Lifting of paper fibers. Typically occurs in uncoated media.
|Fanout||ImageDefect||Localized registration mismatch due to varying paper stretch.||A/M|
|FoldCrack||SheetDefect||Cracks in a fold.||M|
|SeparationDeregistration||ImageDefect||Deregistration of separations on a surface.||A/M|
|FrontBackDeregistration||ImageDefect||Deregistration of the front image with respect to the back image.||A/M|
|ImageMismatch||ImageDefect||Generic mismatch of an image with respect to a predefined master image. Note: This is details type is generally found by automated systems that compare printed images with target images.||A|
|FinishingDeregistration||ImageDefect||Deregistration of the image with respect to finishing operations such as Cutting, Trimming or Folding.||A/M|
|InkSetoff||ImageDefect||Transfer of ink or other material from one sheet to the next in the printed stack.||M|
|InkSplash||ImageDefect||Visible undesired drops of ink on the image.||M|
|Scumming||ImageDefect||Presence of ink in undesired areas of the image due to presence of the ink on the master e.g. plate.||A/M|
|Delamination||ImageFinishingDefect||Peeled off, delaminated or cracked laminating foil. Typically around a fold or cut line.||M|
|InkBlistering||ImageDefect||Blistering of heatset ink.||M|
|Arching||FinishingDefect||Arching / distortion of soft book covers or hardcover cases.||M|
|ImageDoubling||ImageDefect||Close shifted repeat marks during printing.||A/M|
|Ghosting||ImageDefect||Distant ghost images.||M|
|Moire||ImageDefect||Moiré effect resulting from interference patterns caused by incorrect screen angles.||A/M|
|Mottling||ImageDefect||Larger scale non uniform color distribution in uniform areas of an image.
See ISO 13660 for a differentiation of Graininess and Mottling.
|Graininess||ImageDefect||Small scale non uniform color distribution in uniform areas of an image.
See ISO 13660 for a differentiation of Graininess and Mottling.
|SubstrateMottling||SubstrateDefect||Non uniform structure of the unprinted substrate.||M|
|Picking||SheetDefect||Rupturing or other deformation of a substrate's surface caused during ink transfer.||A/M|
|ShineThrough||ImageDefect||The image of the other side shines through the substrate.||A/M|
|StrikeThrough||ImageDefect||The image of the other side strikes through the substrate.||A/M|
|StitchingDefect||FinishingDefect||Defective stitching wire or staples. This includes missing or malformed staples.||M|
|CuttingDefect||FinishingDefect||Mismatch of die cutting, trimming or other operations that cut parts out of the substrate.||M|
|GlueBindingDefect||FinishingDefect||Defects caused by hard cover or soft cover binding.||M|
|InsertingDefect||FinishingDefect||Incorrect or missing inserts.||M|
|Wrinkling||SubstrateDefect||Wrinkling of the substrate.||M|
|Hole||SubstrateDefect||A hole or tear in the substrate.||M|